Barrett’s esophagus is a condition that develops in so many people who have chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease or inflammation of toesophagus.
In Barrett’s esophagus, normal cells that line to esophagus, called squamous cells, turn into a cell type not usually found in humans, called specialized columnar cells. Damage to lining of ‘esophagus for’ example, by acid reflux from GERD causes these abnormal changes. Generally, people who have had regular or daily heartburn for around 5 years might be at risk for Barrett’s esophagus and must discuss possibility with their doctor. It is symptoms include waking in the course of the night because of heartburn pain, vomiting, blood in vomit or stool, and difficulty swallowing.a lot of people do not have symptoms. Anyway, diagnosis involves an endoscopy to look at lining of esophagus and a biopsy to examine a sample of tissue. Doctor gently guides a long, thin tube called an endoscope through mouth and into to esophagus, intention to do an endoscopy. Scope contains instruments that allow doctor to see lining of esophagus and to remove a small tissue sample, called a biopsy. Biopsy could be examined in a lab to see if the normal squamous cells are replaced with columnar cells.
They won’t revert back to normal, as soon as cells in lining of esophagus have turned into columnar cells.
At this time, for the most part there’s no cure for Barrett’s esophagus.
It’s a well-known fact that the goal of treatment is to prevent further damage by stopping any acid reflux from to stomach. Fact, medications that are helpful include H2 receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors, that reduce quantity of acid produced by to stomach. I am sure that the drugs omeprazole and lansoprazole are proton pump inhibitors, Examples of H2 blockers are cimetidine, ranitidine, and famotidine. As a result, surgery to remove damaged tissue or a section of esophagus itself can be necessary, So in case these medications do not work. Fundoplication is name of surgery to remove part of esophagus and attach stomach to remaining section. While causing strictures, or narrowing of esophagus, metimes damaged lining of esophagus becomes thick and hardened.
Strictures can interfere with eating and drinking by preventing food and liquid from reaching to stomach. Strictures are treated by dilation, in which an instrument gently stretches strictures and expands opening in esophagus. About 5 to 10 people percent with Barrett’s develop cancer of esophagus. People with Barrett’s esophagus are screened for esophageal cancer regularly, because of cancer risk.